Wildlife at Delta Dunarii – moors, fish and bird colonies

Pelicans in the Danube Delta, ©Georg Scholz/Flickr

Pelicans in the Danube Delta, ©Georg Scholz/Flickr

The exotic land of Delta Dunarii gives home to over 1200 species of plants and trees. This place is one of the richest reserves on the continent supporting over 300 species of birds, among which we can mention unique colonies of pelicans, more than 100 fish species such as the herring.

Delta Dunarii is the largest nature reserve in Europe which lies on a land of 2.681 km². In the year of 1990 the reserve has been enlisted in UNESCO’s newest terrain in Romania kept away from the progress of industrialization among biospheric reserves. Visit this natural beauty and let yourself be amazed by it.

The thick moors

About 78% of the whole area is predominated by thick moor vegetation. The main species which can be found here are the cane, reed-mace, bulrush, willow and many others.

Bulrushes, ©Sandy___R/Flickr

Bulrushes, ©Sandy___R/Flickr

Fish tales in the Danube

There are 65 kinds of fish living in the waters of the Delta of which 60% lives in fresh water and the rest migrates from the Black Sea in the spring. Among these fish species the European sturgeon and herring has the most important scientific and economic role.

The glory and fame of the Delta – the birds

The Delta got famous thanks to the 327 species of birds which take residence there throughout the whole year or just stop by for a season or two. 218 species nest here permanently and 109 species come and stay here in different periods of autumn, winter and spring.

Nesting colonies

There are several types of colonies nesting in Delta Dunarii such as spoonbills, cranes, pelicans, cormorants, gulls, ibises, avocets and others.

Pelicans in the Danube Delta, ©Georg Scholz/Flickr

Pelicans in the Danube Delta, ©Georg Scholz/Flickr

The pelican colony at Rosca-Buhaiova is the largest one to be found on the whole continent of Europe. The landscape of Delta Dunarii filled with pelican, gull and cormorant mates reminds us of Jurasic Park. It is a magical sight but sadly only specialists are authorized to get a closer look at these colonies. Authorization can be acquired by the ARBDD at Tulcea.

Faunal paradise

Delta Dunarii is truly a faunal paradise as 98% of European aquatic fauna is living in this territory. There are lots of dragonflies, aquatic butterflies and mollusks to be found here. Also some rare mammals dwell here such as the European mink, European otter or the wild cat. There are also 8 species of reptiles and 4 species of snakes dwelling in the Delta.

Dragonfly, ©KNOW MALTA by Peter Grima/Flickr

Dragonfly, ©KNOW MALTA by Peter Grima/Flickr

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