Timisoara and the Revolution of 1989 (part I)

Timisoara © nopsa.hiit.fi

Timosoara and the Revolution in 1989 will deal on one of the most important and meaningful event to the modern history of this country. Divided in two parts the post will try to bring light on one of the most significant moments for the development of present Romania.

Timisoara- the core of the revolution against communism

kalasnikov © imagesfrombulgaria.com

The revolution in 1989 began in Timisoara with a shy attempt to protest against the Communist regime, Part of the workers of UMT, the biggest factory in Timisoara began protesting and making this Revolution popular amount the people in the city but the security managed to calm the spirits. Another event that led to the beginning of the Revolution in 1989 was the authorities’ decision to remove pastor Laszlo Tokes from his parish due to his severe criticism make against the Communist party in the international press. The congregation surrounded the house to protect him. When the mayor saw that the crowds would not disappear, he changed his mind. Due to the mayor’s refusal to put that decision into writing the crows increased in numbers and started screaming anti-communist slogans. The crowded expanded and set on fire the building that was holding the County Committee of the Communist Party in Timisoara. Though security tried to defeat the protestants the action continued. On December 17, in Bucharest, Ceausescu managed to obtain the approval for using force against the revolution. On December 18, Timisoara was guarded by security man and solders disguised in civil cloths. The martial law was established in the city and no groups that were made up of more than 2 persons were allowed to go out on the streets.

Timisoara – a free city

A group of youngsters started marching on the streets with the tricolored stags from which the communist symbol was removed. They sang Desteapta-te romane (the present national anthem of Romania). The security people starting shooting them, many were injured and killed. The bodies of those who were shot were sent to Bucharest Crematorium and burned. On December 20, workers were brought in Timisoara and occupied Opera Square. They were chanting slogans against the communist regime. In order to prevent these actions from increasing in intensity, other workers from Oltenia fabrics were brought to Timisoara and ordered to attack the protestants. They ended up by supporting the movement against Nicolae Ceausescu and Elena Ceausescu. On December 20, 1989 Timisoara was declared a free city. You can read a detailed perspective, this time from an international point of view on http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/574200.stm.
Timisoara and the Revolution of 1989 brought only a few information to make you better understand the context of the country in that period. Next post will present how the example of the Revolution in Timisoara will be followed by other cities and especially Bucharest.


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