Cultural life and education in the ancient city of Braila

Royal Street at Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

Royal Street at Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

Braila is one of the oldest cities in Romania and has been the most important port of Wallachia, the southern part of Romania. Situated on a large terrace, at the union of the two main branches of the Danube, where the river becomes available for the medium sized trasport ships, Braila is an ancient city with numerous archaeological remains from the Bronze Age and the Geto-Dacian Era, discovered in the neighborhood of Brailita.

The city of Braila encouraged cultural life from the earliest ages and opened educational institutions beginning with the early 19th century, and as a result of the artistic activity a theater was also founded.

The development of the city

A study of the origins of Braila shows that the region has been inhabited from immemorial times. There are numerous archaeological remains proving the human presence since the Neolithic time period (Boian – Giuleşti) in 5000 BC, at Brailita (the top of the Catagata), life continued in the Bronze Age, then was certified a strong Geta settlement between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC located on the high terrace of the Danube and maintaining links with the Greeks – from Euxinus to Hellas.

Old Braila, ©Recuerdos de Pandora/Flickr

Old Braila, ©Recuerdos de Pandora/Flickr

The recent findings show the presence of the Santana de Mures civilization, that continued with a medieval setting between the 10th and 11th centuries.

Cultural life in Braila

The city of Braila besides the fact that it was one of the most important commercial centers, had an interesting cultural activity that began with an accelerated development of education and continued with the construction of the establishments that hosted cultural acts, that were highly encouraged and supported.

Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

In the year 1817 was inaugurated the first certified school in town. In 1832 with the state administration institutions was founded the Public School with teachers paid by the state, and in 1861 was founded the School for girls. Until 1906 there were 33 schools in Braila including 18 state primary schools, 12 denominational primary schools, a high school, a vocational school and a vocational school for girls.

In 1915 takes place the meeting of the National Cultural League in Braila. As an evidence of the degree of local education development, in Bucharest opens the Residents of Students from Braila in 1918, the first of its kind in the country. In 1926 in Braila in founded the “Circle of studies and local research of the city and the region of Braila”. Currently in the city are about 50 schools and over ten high schools and colleges, and two universities, each with multiple sections.

Royal Street at Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

Royal Street at Braila, ©gigi4791/Flickr

The cultural activity in Braila determined the opening of the first permanent theater in Braila in 1851, the theater which had high class performances over time, with people like Maria Filotti, whose name it bears today. The nationally and internationally recognized “Lyra” Musical Society was founded in 1883. The city has several large theaters, Youth Culture House, Puppetry and a county library with many volumes.

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