Best City Landmarks of Alba Iulia

Alba Iulia fortress, III Gate, ©Ciprian Lazar/Flickr

The city of Alba Iulia is located in Transylvania, towards the center of Romania. It has a population of more than 55.000 people. The city is a region is full of grape growing territories since the 1st century AD and now is a leading region in wine producing. Towards the northwest of the city the Apuseni Mountains are situated with its rolling hills and wide valleys. Alba Iulia has many beautiful landmarks which are worth visiting. Among them is listed the Citadel, the Princely Palace and many others. On the other hand if you had enough of history and culture you can always go for a stroll in the surrounding woods and hills and just take a deep breath of fresh air.

Alba Iulia fortified

Walls of the fortress, ©Iulian B./Flickr

One of the most remarkable landmarks of Alba Iulia is the Citadel which was designed by Giovanni Morando Visconti, an Italian architect. The building was constructed between the years of 1716 and 1735. The builders used the Vauban military construction system and thus the citadel became one of the biggest of its kind in the southeastern region of Europe. The fortress has outstanding architectural elements and six beautiful and amazing gates.

Alba Iulia fortress, III Gate, ©Ciprian Lazar/Flickr

Batthyaneum Library

Ignac Batthany was a Transilvanian bishop who transformed a Unitarian church into a library in the year of 1780. Today the building is among the most famous libraries in the region. The library keeps more than 60.000 documents and rare manuscripts which are well-known all over the world. Here you can find the Codex Aureus, a relic from the 9th century, the Lorsch Gospel, the Codex Burgundus from the 15th century, the Biblia sacra from the 13th century and many others. In 1792 also the first astronomical observatory in the region of Transylvania was founded here.

Batthyaneum Library, ©Cipian Lazar/Flickr

Royal home

The Princely Palace was built during the 16th century and it served as the residence of Prince Mihai Viteazul in the time of Romania’s first political unification. When the Tatars and Ottomans invaded the country they also destroyed the palace. During the Austro-Hungarian rule prince Gábor Bethlen and George Rakoczi II restored the building but it was never the same as before. In the 18th century the palace was used as military barracks. Facing the palace is located the Union Hall where many important Romanian acts were signed such as the unification act of the country in 1918, 1st of December.

National Union Museum, ©Ciprian Lazar/Flickr

Apor Palace

Not far from the Bathyanum Library is located another magnificent landmark, the Apor Palace, a construction built in the end of the 17th century. Prince Apor, an Austrian army leader used the building as a residence in the first half of the 18th century. The palace was renovated in the year of 2007.

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